What are the signs and symptoms of testicular teratomas?

Updated: Nov 22, 2019
  • Author: Chad A Hamilton, MD; Chief Editor: Yukio Sonoda, MD  more...
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Testicular teratomas most often present as a painless scrotal mass, except in the case of torsion. In most cases, the masses are firm or hard, nontender, and do not transilluminate. Testicular pain and scrotal swelling are occasionally reported with teratomas, but this is nonspecific and simply indicates torsion until proven otherwise. Hydrocele is frequently associated with teratoma in childhood. On examination, the testis is diffusely enlarged, rather than nodular, although a discreet nodule in the upper or lower pole sometimes can be appreciated. [37, 38]

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