What are the treatment options for renal cell cancer (RCC)?

Updated: Feb 19, 2021
  • Author: Kush Sachdeva, MD; Chief Editor: E Jason Abel, MD  more...
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The principal treatment options for renal cell cancer are as follows:

  • Surgery
  • Molecular-targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Thermal Ablation
  • Active surveillance

Surgical resection remains the only known curative treatment for localized renal cell carcinoma, and it is also used improve outcome or for palliation in metastatic disease. Targeted therapy and immunomodulatory agents are considered standard of care in patients with metastatic disease. Chemotherapy is used only occasionally, in certain tumor types. Experimental treatment approaches include vaccines and nonmyeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

See Treatment and Medication for more detail.

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