What are the overall 5-year survival rates for rectal cancer?

Updated: Apr 06, 2021
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Answer

The 5-year relative survival rates for rectal cancer based on SEER stage are as follows [13] :

  • Localized - 90.2%
  • Regional - 71.8%
  • Distant - 14.3%
  • Unknown - 37.5%
  • All stages - 64.6%

A review of 111,453 patients in the National Cancer Data Base who were diagnosed with early-stage (T1N0 or T2N0) rectal cancer from 1998 to 2010 found that increasing age, male sex, higher comorbidity score, and positive or unknown final surgical margins were associated with poorer long-term adjusted overall survival. [19]


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