Which histopathologic features of rectal cancer are associated with a poor outcome?

Updated: Apr 06, 2021
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Answer

Histopathologic features such as poor differentiation, lymphovascular and/or perineural invasion, T4 tumor stage, and clinical findings such as obstruction or perforation, and elevated preoperative CEA levels are all associated with increased recurrence rates and worse survival. [39]


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