Which medications in the drug class Antineoplastics, Monoclonal Antibody are used in the treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)?

Updated: Jun 05, 2020
  • Author: Winston W Tan, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Nagla Abdel Karim, MD, PhD  more...
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Answer

Antineoplastics, Monoclonal Antibody

Bevacizumab (Avastin, Mvasi)

Bevacizumab is a murine-derived monoclonal antibody that inhibits angiogenesis by targeting and inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). It inhibits new blood vessel formation, denying blood, oxygen, and other nutrients needed for tumor growth. It is indicated in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC. Mvasi has been FDA-approved as a biosimilar to Avastin but not as an interchangeable product.

Ipilimumab (Yervoy)

Recombinant, human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen. Proposed mechanism of action is indirect, possibly through inhibition of CTLA-4 signaling, which can in turn reduce T-regulatory cell function and may contribute to a general increase in T cell responsiveness, including the anti-tumor immune response. It is indicated in combination with nivolumab, for metastatic NSCLC in patients whose tumors express PD-L1 (≥1%), with no EGFR or ALK tumor aberrations.

Ramucirumab (Cyramza)

Ramucirumab is a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) antagonist that specifically binds VEGF receptor 2 and blocks binding of VEGFR ligands, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, and VEGF-D. As a result, it inhibits ligand-stimulated activation of VEGF2, thereby inhibiting ligand-induced proliferation, and migration of human endothelial cells. It is indicated in combination with erlotinib for first-line treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors have EGFR exon 19 deletions or exon 21 (L858R) substitution mutations.


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