What are the possible complications of Kaposi sarcoma (KS)?

Updated: Apr 11, 2019
  • Author: Jessica Katz, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: Edwin Choy, MD, PhD  more...
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Answer

The complications of Kaposi sarcoma are largely dependent on the location of lesions. Kaposi sarcoma can involve almost any organ, but the most common visceral sites include the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory system. Profound lymphedema can result in cellulitis, skin infections, and poor wound healing. Patients with involvement of the gastrointestinal tract can develop anemia from chronic blood loss. Pulmonary involvement can cause life-threatening hemoptysis and refractory pleural effusions requiring long-term indwelling pleural catheter placement.


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