What is the prevalence of hairy leukoplakia in the US?

Updated: Aug 05, 2019
  • Author: James E Cade, DDS; Chief Editor: Jeff Burgess, DDS, MSD  more...
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Answer

Hairy leukoplakia is one of the most common virally induced, oral diseases of HIV-infected individuals, with a point prevalence as high as 25-53%. [10] The 6-year incidence of oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) in this patient population was reported to be around 32%. A significant trend to a lower prevalence of oral hairy leukoplakia was observed in the group of patients who were already taking combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), non–highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HAART (P< .001 and P = .004, respectively). [12, 13]

Fewer cases of oral hairy leukoplakia were reported in non-HIV–infected patients. This is probably due to underdiagnosis and underreporting of this disease in patients with hematological malignancies or solid organ transplantation. Some studies showed the prevalence of oral hairy leukoplakia in renal transplant recipients to be more than 11%. [14]


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