What are the major staging systems used for gastric cancer?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Elwyn C Cabebe, MD; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Two major staging systems are commonly used in gastric cancer, as follows:

  • The tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) system, developed by the International Union Against Cancer (UICC) and the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) [30]

  • The Japanese Research Society staging, based on where the lymph nodes with cancer are located in the stomach. [77]

Both the NCCN and ESMO use the TNM system for staging. [4, 75] For further information, see Gastric Cancer Staging.

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