What is the role of intraoperative radiotherapy in the management of gastric cancer?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Elwyn C Cabebe, MD; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Some authors suggest that intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) shows promising results. This alternative method of delivering radiotherapy allows for a high dose to be given in a single fraction while in the operating room so that other critical structures can be avoided.

The National Cancer Institute randomized patients with grossly resected stage III/IV gastric cancer to receive either 20 Gy of IORT or 50 Gy of postoperative external beam radiation. Local failure was delayed in the patients treated with IORT (21 mo vs 8 mo). Although the median survival duration also was higher (21 mo vs 10 mo), this figure did not reach statistical significance. [42]

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