What are the physical findings suggestive of gastric cancer?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Elwyn C Cabebe, MD; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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All physical signs are late events. By the time they develop, the disease is almost invariably too far advanced for curative procedures.

Signs may include a palpable enlarged stomach with succussion splash; hepatomegaly; periumbilical metastasis (Sister Mary Joseph nodule); and enlarged lymph nodes such as Virchow nodes (ie, left supraclavicular) and Irish node (anterior axillary). Blumer shelf (ie, shelflike tumor of the anterior rectal wall) may also be present. Some patients experience weight loss, and others may present with melena or pallor from anemia.

Paraneoplastic syndromes such as dermatomyositis, acanthosis nigricans, and circinate erythemas are poor prognostic features.

Other associated abnormalities include peripheral thrombophlebitis and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia.

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