What lifestyle factors contribute to the prevention of colon cancer?

Updated: Apr 15, 2020
  • Author: Tomislav Dragovich, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Answer

Abundant epidemiologic literature suggests an association of risk for developing colorectal cancer with dietary habits, environmental exposures, and level of physical activity. For example, a prospective cohort study in the general population of two Danish cities concluded that 23% of colorectal cancer cases might have been prevented if all participants had followed recommendations for the following five lifestyle factors [139] :

  • Physical activity
  • Waist circumference
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol intake
  • Diet

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