What are the benefits of an earlier screening age for colon cancer?

Updated: Apr 15, 2020
  • Author: Tomislav Dragovich, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Answer

A French study found that even in patients with no personal or family history of colorectal polyps or cancer, starting colonoscopy screening at age 45 instead of age 50 can be valuable. In a prospective study that included 6027 consecutive screening colonoscopies, Karsenti et al found that for the 515 patients age 45 to 49 years, the average polyp detection rate was 26% and the average neoplasia detection rate was nearly 4%. By comparison, for the 4438 patients older than 50 years, the average polyp detection rate exceeded 35% and the average neoplasia detection rate exceeded 5%. Both rates were markedly lower in the 1076 study patients age 44 years and younger. [61]

Noting the rise in colorectal cancer rates in the under-50 population, Dr. Karsenti recommends showing these data to patients 45 years and older, as part of the discussion on colorectal cancer prevention. [61]


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