What is the role of stenting in the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma (CCC)?

Updated: Dec 28, 2019
  • Author: Peter E Darwin, MD; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Stents can be placed via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) to relieve biliary obstruction. Stenting may relieve pruritus and improve quality of life.

Stents usually are used if the tumor is unresectable or if the patient is not a surgical candidate. Debate exists about whether preoperative stenting is warranted, but most surgeons believe that preoperative biliary decompression does not alter the outcome of surgery.

Either plastic or metal stents may be used. Plastic stents usually occlude in 3 months and require replacement. Metal stents are more expensive but expand to a larger diameter and tend to stay patent longer. Adequate biliary drainage can be achieved in a high percentage of cases. A study by Kida et al found that covered biliary self-expandable metal stents could be safely removed when they become occluded and that patency rates were similar for reintervention and initial stent placement. [27]

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