What are the signs and symptoms of basal cell carcinoma (BCC)?

Updated: Mar 23, 2021
  • Author: Robert S Bader, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Approximately 85% of BCCs occur on the face, head (scalp included), and neck; others appear on the trunk or extremities; rarely, they may occur on the hands. [3, 4] Other characteristic features of BCC tumors include the following:

  • Waxy papules with central depression
  • Pearly appearance
  • Erosion or ulceration: Often central and pigmented
  • Bleeding: Especially when traumatized
  • Oozing or crusted areas: In large BCCs
  • Rolled (raised) border
  • Translucency
  • Telangiectases over the surface
  • Slow growing: 0.5 cm in 1-2 years
  • Black-blue or brown areas

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