Which physical findings are characteristic of angiosarcoma (AS) of the scalp and face?

Updated: Sep 04, 2018
  • Author: Maria Belén Carsi, MD, PhD, FRCS; Chief Editor: Edwin Choy, MD, PhD  more...
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Answer

This is the most common form of angiosarcoma. The disease is primarily located on the head and neck, and usually occurs in elderly persons; it is also known as Wilson-Jones angiosarcoma, senile angiosarcoma, or malignant angioendothelioma.

Most patients present with an enlarging bruise, a blue-black nodule, or an unhealed ulceration. Initially, these lesions can be confused with cellulitis, edema, bruising, or infection, leading to a delay in diagnosis. Bleeding and pain may be present. The clinical pattern of the lesions may be nodular, diffuse, or ulcerated.


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