What are the mortality rates for angiosarcoma (AS)?

Updated: Sep 04, 2018
  • Author: Maria Belén Carsi, MD, PhD, FRCS; Chief Editor: Edwin Choy, MD, PhD  more...
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Answer

All angiosarcomas tend to be aggressive and are often multicentric. These tumors have high rates of local recurrence and metastasis because of their intrinsic biologic properties and because they are often misdiagnosed, leading to a poor prognosis and a high mortality rate. Malignant vascular tumors are clinically aggressive, difficult to treat, and have a reported 5-year survival rate around 20-35%. [3, 9, 10] Advanced stage at presentation and lack of radical or wide excision are associated with higher recurrence rates, higher distant metastasis rates, and worsened survival. This is in contrast to the 5-year survival for all types of soft tissue sarcomas,  which is around 65%. [11] Angiosarcoma of the viscera (particularly liver and heart) and retroperitoneal disease are especially associated with poor outcome. [1] More than 50% of patients develop metastatic disease, with the lung the primary organ involved. [9, 10]


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