How do androgens affect the endometrium?

Updated: Mar 14, 2018
  • Author: Mohamed Yahya Abdel-Rahman, MD, MSc; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Answer

Unopposed estrogen stimulation of the endometrium increases the risk of endometrial hyperplasia and eventually cancer. The proposed mechanism of androgen aromatization to estradiol may not be applicable because the aromatase expression has not been detected in normal endometrium and stromal cells. [14] In vitro studies have shown that androgens have an inhibitory effect on endometrial proliferation. [15]


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