How is endometriosis prevented?

Updated: May 10, 2021
  • Author: G Willy Davila, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Answer

No current methods of prevention are known. Some evidence suggests that rapid and aggressive medical or surgical therapy can arrest progression, especially when the disease is caught in the early (minimal to mild) stages.

Early and prolonged use of oral contraceptive pills, pregnancy, and breastfeeding seem to afford some degree of protection against this disease.

A prospective cohort study by Farland et al that included 72,394 women who have had a pregnancy in the last 6 months, of which, 3,296 had endometriosis at follow-up, reported a 40% reduced risk of endometriosis for women who breastfed for 36 months or more throughout their reproductive lifetime compared with women who never breastfed (0.60, 0.50 to 0.72). The study also reported an 8% lower risk of endometriosis for every additional three months of total breastfeeding per pregnancy (hazard ratio 0.92, 95% confidence interval 0.90 to 0.94; P< 0.001 for trend). [111]


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