What causes endometriosis?

Updated: May 10, 2021
  • Author: G Willy Davila, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Answer

The etiology and pathophysiology of endometriosis is not well understood because of the lack of a suitable animal model on which to study the anatomic correlates and natural history of disease. [10] No cure exists for the disease, although the hormonal responsiveness of the implants can be exploited and provides the rationale for current methods of medical therapy. Treatment is directed toward medical suppression, surgical excision, and symptom alleviation.

Adenomyosis is the invasion of the myometrium by endometrial tissue.

The following are some images of active endometriosis and old scarring.

Active endometriosis with red and powder-burn lesi Active endometriosis with red and powder-burn lesions and adhesions from old scarring.
Scarring due to old disease and active endometrios Scarring due to old disease and active endometriosis.

See also Emergent Treatment of Endometriosis and Endometrial Ablation.


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