How can women at-risk for preterm labor be identified preconception?

Updated: May 04, 2021
  • Author: Michael G Ross, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Carl V Smith, MD  more...
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While the risk for preterm birth in nulliparous patients is hard to determine, past obstetric experience and personal behavior may provide significant insight into future pregnancy outcome in multiparous women. Identifying at-risk patients preconceptually may allow additional treatment options. Women who seek birth control have a 30% chance of becoming pregnant in the next 2 years, suggesting that these women represent one potential opportunity for intervention. The presence of the following risk factors should be addressed prior to pregnancy.

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