What are disadvantages of female sterilization for contraception?

Updated: Dec 10, 2018
  • Author: Frances E Casey, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Answer

Answer

Female sterilization is a procedure that involves general or regional anesthesia. Patients who undergo the Essure system procedure require a backup method of contraception for the first 3 months. It is permanent contraception, and patients may regret the decision later, especially women younger than 30 years. Regret is difficult to measure because it encompasses a complex spectrum of feelings that can change over time. This helps explain that while some studies have reported "regret" in 26% of women, less than 20% seek reversal and less than 10% actually undergo the reversal procedure.

Essure microinserts that are incorrectly placed causing symptoms of pelvic pain or bleeding require surgical removal.  This is typically accomplished through laparoscopy or hysteroscopy.

No data are available on the safety or effectiveness of in vitro fertilization after the Essure procedure has been performed. Sterilization does not protect the patient from STDs. Sterilization causes short-term discomfort, and it involves all the risks of surgery.


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