What are the methods of female sterilization for contraception?

Updated: Dec 10, 2018
  • Author: Frances E Casey, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Answer

Answer

Female sterilization prevents fertilization by interrupting the fallopian tubes. It can be performed surgically in the postpartum period with a small, transverse infraumbilical incision or during the interval period. Sterilization during the interval period can be performed with laparoscopy, laparotomy, or colpotomy. The methods of fallopian tube sterilization include occlusion with Falope rings, clips, or bands; segmental destruction with electrocoagulation; or suture ligation with partial salpingectomy.

The Essure system does not require surgical incisions and can be performed with the patient under local anesthesia. Using hysteroscopy, a microinsert is placed directly into the fallopian tubes.  See below description for further FDA information.


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