What is the role of cyclic endometrial stimulation in the pathophysiology of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)?

Updated: Dec 07, 2018
  • Author: Millie A Behera, MD; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Patients with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) have lost cyclic endometrial stimulation that arises from the ovulatory cycle. As a result, these patients have constant, noncycling estrogen levels that stimulate endometrial growth. Proliferation without periodic shedding causes the endometrium to outgrow its blood supply. The tissue breaks down and sloughs from the uterus. Subsequent healing of the endometrium is irregular and dyssynchronous.

Chronic stimulation by low levels of estrogen will result in infrequent, light AUB. Chronic stimulation from higher levels of estrogen will lead to episodes of frequent, heavy bleeding.

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