What predisposing factors may contribute to the development of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Updated: Oct 25, 2018
  • Author: Philippe H Girerd, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Predisposing factors that may contribute to development of bacterial vaginosis (BV) are listed below. Correction or modification of the following factors may help reduce the incidence or recurrence of BV:

  • Recent antibiotic use

  • Decreased estrogen production of the host

  • Wearing an IUD

  • Douching

  • Bubble baths

  • Feminine hygiene products (sprays and other vulvovaginal products marketed for feminine cleanliness)

  • Liquid soaps and body washes (hypoallergenic bar soaps are superior)

  • Sexual activity leading to transmission, as evidenced by the patient having a new sexual partner, an increased number of sexual partners in the month preceding the onset of BV symptoms, and an increased number of lifetime sexual partners

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