What predisposing factors may contribute to the development of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Updated: Oct 25, 2018
  • Author: Philippe H Girerd, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Answer

Predisposing factors that may contribute to development of bacterial vaginosis (BV) are listed below. Correction or modification of the following factors may help reduce the incidence or recurrence of BV:

  • Recent antibiotic use

  • Decreased estrogen production of the host

  • Wearing an IUD

  • Douching

  • Bubble baths

  • Feminine hygiene products (sprays and other vulvovaginal products marketed for feminine cleanliness)

  • Liquid soaps and body washes (hypoallergenic bar soaps are superior)

  • Sexual activity leading to transmission, as evidenced by the patient having a new sexual partner, an increased number of sexual partners in the month preceding the onset of BV symptoms, and an increased number of lifetime sexual partners


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