What is the role of Lactobacillus (acidophilus) in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Updated: Oct 25, 2018
  • Author: Philippe H Girerd, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Studies are conflicting regarding the efficacy of a diet supplemented with Lactobacillus (acidophilus).

Ya et al conducted a placebo-controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a vaginal probiotic product (8 billion units of Lactobacillus rhamnosusL acidophilus, and Streptococcus thermophilus per capsule) for recurrent bacterial vaginosis prevention. The dosage regimen consisted of short-term use of 7 days on, 7 days off, then 7 days on. Probiotic prophylaxis resulted in lower recurrence rates for bacterial vaginosis and Gardnerella vaginalis for 2 months. A lower incidence was also reported during follow-up (2-11 months) in women in the probiotic group. [20]

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