What is the initial treatment approach for endometritis?

Updated: Apr 25, 2019
  • Author: Michel E Rivlin, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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After making the diagnosis of endometritis and excluding other sources of infection, the physician should promptly initiate broad-spectrum antibiotics. Improvement will be noted within 48-72 hours in nearly 90% of women treated with an approved regimen.

Most cases of endometritis, including those following cesarean delivery, should be treated in an inpatient setting. For mild cases following vaginal delivery, oral antibiotics in an outpatient setting may be adequate. Pregnant women with symptoms of bacterial vaginosis (BV) should be treated because BV is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although treatment has not been demonstrated to prevent these outcomes, treatment does reduce signs and symptoms of vaginal infection. [2]

In adolescents who undergo termination of pregnancy, subsequent endometritis with associated salpingitis poses a significant risk of infertility. Therefore, earlier and more aggressive antibiotic therapy is warranted in this group.

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