What is endometritis?

Updated: Apr 25, 2019
  • Author: Michel E Rivlin, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Answer

Endometritis is inflammation of the endometrial lining of the uterus. In addition to the endometrium, inflammation may involve the myometrium and, occasionally, the parametrium.

Endometritis can be divided into pregnancy-related endometritis and endometritis unrelated to pregnancy. When the condition is unrelated to pregnancy, it is referred to as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Endometritis is often associated with inflammation of the fallopian tubes (salpingitis), ovaries (oophoritis), and pelvic peritoneum (pelvic peritonitis). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015 sexually transmitted diseases treatment guideline defines PID as any combination of endometritis, salpingitis, tubo-ovarian abscess, and pelvic peritonitis. [1, 2]


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