What are the goals of drug treatment for eclampsia?

Updated: Apr 18, 2019
  • Author: Michael G Ross, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Ronald M Ramus, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Pharmacotherapy goals are to reduce morbidity, prevent complications, and correct eclampsia. The drug of choice to treat and prevent eclampsia is magnesium sulfate. [19, 20]  Familiarity with second-line medications phenytoin and diazepam/lorazepam is required for cases in which magnesium sulfate may be contraindicated (eg, myasthenia gravis) or ineffective. Control of hypertension is essential to prevent further morbidity or possible mortality. The most commonly used antihypertensive agents are hydralazine, labetalol, and nifedipine.


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