How is dysmenorrhea prevented?

Updated: Sep 23, 2019
  • Author: Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH, FASHP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Various measures have been used to manage dysmenorrhea in the outpatient setting, including the following:

  • Lifestyle modification seems to be helpful

  • Smoking cessation should be encouraged, in that smoking may be a risk factor for dysmenorrhea [13, 38]

  • Exercise has been shown to alleviate symptoms of dysmenorrhea, though the mechanism is not well understood [38]

A Cochrane review of 5 randomized controlled trials showed that certain behavioral interventions may be effective at treating primary and secondary dysmenorrhea. [14]

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