What is the role of dietary and complementary therapies in the treatment of dysmenorrhea?

Updated: Sep 23, 2019
  • Author: Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH, FASHP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Other therapies for dysmenorrhea have been proposed, but most are not well studied. A low-fat vegetarian diet [69, 27]   [70]  pyridoxine, magnesium, and vitamin E are examples. [25, 71]

In addition, acupuncture, [72, 73, 74, 75, 76]  acupressure, [77, 75]  various herbal medicines and dietary supplements, [78, 79]  transdermal nitroglycerin, calcium-channel blockers, beta-adrenergic agonists, antileukotrienes, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) units, and massage therapy and isometric exercise [80] have been suggested for therapeutic use in this setting. Topical application of continuous low-level heat may be beneficial for some patients. [81, 82]  Interruption of nerve pathways has been performed, but data are limited. [83, 84, 85]

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