What is the role of oral contraceptives (OCs) in the treatment of dysmenorrhea?

Updated: Oct 22, 2018
  • Author: Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH, FASHP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Answer

OCs, which block monthly ovulation and may decrease menstrual flow, may also relieve symptoms. An update of a Cochrane review showed some evidence of symptomatic benefit in patients with primary dysmenorrhea, though no specific preparation showed superiority over any other. [64] In some patients, OCs can prevent dysmenorrhea altogether, even though these agents are not approved by the FDA for this indication.


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