Which is the role of narcotic agents in the treatment of dysmenorrhea?

Updated: Oct 22, 2018
  • Author: Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH, FASHP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Answer

In an emergency setting, patients who do not respond to NSAIDs may require treatment with narcotics for pain control. Patients whose symptoms are not relieved by NSAIDs are very likely to have an underlying pelvic condition (eg, endometriosis).

In a study comparing montelukast, a leukotriene-receptor antagonist, with placebo in patients with dysmenorrhea, montelukast was effective in reducing pain. [63] Clinicians may consider this agent as an alternative to hormonal therapy or in lieu of NSAIDs.

Simple analgesics, such as aspirin and acetaminophen, may also be useful, especially when NSAIDs are contraindicated.


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