How is endometriosis diagnosed in patients with dysmenorrhea?

Updated: Sep 23, 2019
  • Author: Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH, FASHP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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In the future, CT may hold some promise as a diagnostic tool, [29] but at present, endometriosis can be definitively diagnosed only via laparoscopy or laparotomy. Some argue that definitive diagnosis may not even be necessary. [33] Often, endometriosis, if found, is assumed to be the cause of discomfort when it may not be. Even if endometriosis is the cause of dysmenorrhea, surgery may not be necessary if pain is controlled with hormonal therapy or analgesia. [33] The main complication of endometriosis is rupture of an endometrioma.

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