What are the risk factors for primary dysmenorrhea?

Updated: Sep 23, 2019
  • Author: Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH, FASHP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Risk factors for primary dysmenorrhea include the following:

  • Early age at menarche (< 12 years)

  • Nulliparity

  • Heavy or prolonged menstrual flow

  • Smoking

  • Positive family history

  • Obesity

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