What are the risk factors for more severe dysmenorrhea?

Updated: Sep 23, 2019
  • Author: Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH, FASHP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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The following risk factors are associated with more severe episodes of dysmenorrhea [9] :

  • Earlier age at menarche

  • Long menstrual periods

  • Heavy menstrual flow

  • Smoking

  • Positive family history

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