Which medications in the drug class Vaccines, Inactivated, Viral are used in the treatment of Cervical Cancer?

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Cecelia H Boardman, MD; Chief Editor: Warner K Huh, MD  more...
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Answer

Vaccines, Inactivated, Viral

The 9-valent HPV vaccine is indicated for prevention of HPV-associated neoplasias and precancerous genital lesions. The 2-valent and 4-valent vaccines were discontinued from the US market in 2016.

Children and adolescents aged 15 years and younger need two, not three, doses of the HPV vaccine; this ACIP recommendation stems from the vaccine’s enhanced immunogenicity in preteens and adolescents aged 9-14 years. The schedule for older adolescents and young adults aged 15 through 45 years is three inoculations within 6 months.

Human papillomavirus vaccine, nonavalent (Gardasil 9)

Recombinant vaccine that targets 9 HPV types (6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58). It is indicated for females aged 9 through 45 years to prevent cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancer. It is also indicated to prevent genital warts and dysplastic lesions (eg, cervical, vulvar, vaginal, anal). It is also indicated for males aged 9 through 45 years for prevention of neoplasias and dysplasias (eg, anal cancer).

 

Human papillomavirus vaccine, bivalent (Cervarix)

October 21, 2016: HPV bivalent vaccine discontinued in the United States.

The bivalent recombinant HPV vaccine is prepared from the L1 protein of HPV types 16 and 18. It is indicated for girls and women (ages 9-25 years) to prevent the following diseases caused by oncogenic HPV types 16 and 18:

- Cervical cancer

- CIN grade 2 or higher

- Cervical adenocarcinoma in situ

- CIN grade 1


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