What are the recommendations for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to prevent cervical cancer?

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Cecelia H Boardman, MD; Chief Editor: Warner K Huh, MD  more...
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Answer

With rare exceptions, cervical cancer results from genital infection with HPV, which is a known human carcinogen. The U.S. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has issued the following recommendations for HPV vaccination [107] :

  • Routine vaccination of girls or boys aged 11-12 years with 2 or 3 doses of HPV9
  • Previously unvaccinated females and males aged 13-26 years
  • Children as young as 9 years may be vaccinated, particularly if there is a history of sexual abuse or assault
  • Any man who has sex with a man and individuals with compromised immune systems (including people with HIV infection/AIDS), through age 26, if they were not fully vaccinated when they were younger

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