What is included in the evaluation for cervical cancer?

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Cecelia H Boardman, MD; Chief Editor: Warner K Huh, MD  more...
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Complete evaluation starts with Papanicolaou (Pap) testing. Positive results should prompt colposcopy and biopsies with further workup of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), including excisional procedures. If pathologic evaluation after loop electrosurgical excision or conization suggests invasive cancer with positive margins, the patient should be referred to a gynecologic oncologist. Patients with suspicious or grossly abnormal cervical lesions on physical examination should undergo biopsy regardless of the cytologic findings.

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