What are the race-, age-, and sex-based differences in the epidemiology of pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Updated: Oct 30, 2020
  • Author: Ayesha Mirza, MD; Chief Editor: David J Cennimo, MD, FAAP, FACP, AAHIVS  more...
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Answer

No racial predilection has been observed in children, although emerging US data do suggest that minority communities are affected disproportionately. A CDC study found that a disproportionate percentage of the deaths related to COVID-19 among persons aged < 21 years occurred in Black and Hispanic youths. [34]  In a retrospective Chinese study of 2143 children younger than 18 years with confirmed or suspected COVID-19, slightly more of the cases occurred in boys (56.6%) than in girls (43.4%), but the difference was not statistically significant. The ages of the children in the study ranged from 1 day to 18 years; the median age was 7 years. [35]  Slight male predominance was also seen in the US data, similar to what was observed in China. [6]


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