Who is at risk for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2020
  • Author: Medscape Drugs & Diseases; more...
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Answer

Answer

Risk factors for severe COVID-19, regardless of age, include the following: [6, 7, 8, 9]

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • COPD
  • Immunocompromised state due to solid organ transplant
  • Obesity (BMI ≥30)
  • Serious heart conditions (eg, heart failure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies)
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

The following are underlying conditions that may represent an increased risk of severe COVID-19:

  • Asthma (moderate to severe)
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Immunocompromised state due to blood or bone marrow transplant, immunodeficiencies, HIV infection, corticosteroid use (or other medications that weaken the immune system)
  • Neurologic conditions (eg, dementia)
  • Liver disease
  • Pregnancy
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Smoking
  • Thalassemia
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

People who live in a nursing home or long-term care facility are also at a higher risk of severe COVID-19.


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