How is mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) managed?

Updated: Jul 01, 2020
  • Author: Medscape Drugs & Diseases; more...
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Answer

Patient counseling

Patients with mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) should be counseled regarding the signs and symptoms of complicated disease. If any of these symptoms develop, urgent care should be sought by the patient. [4]

Home care

  • Stay home.
  • Limit contact with others through social distancing.
  • If cohabitating, infected person(s) should use a separate bedroom and bathroom, if possible.
  • Avoid sharing personal items.
  • Wear a facemask when around others.
  • Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean surfaces with cleaning sprays or wipes.
  • Avoid unnecessary visitors. [5]

Home monitoring and resolution of symptoms

  • Patients can leave home after 3 things have happened:
    • Fever has been absent for at least 72 hours (ie, 3 full days of no fever without use of fever-reducing medicine plus
    • Other symptoms have improved (eg, cough or shortness of breath have improved) plus
    • At least 10 days have passed since symptoms first appeared.

Exacerbation of symptoms

Emergency medical attention should be sought if the patient develops trouble breathing, persistent pain or chest pressure, new confusion, inability to awaken or to stay awake, or bluish lips or face.


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