What are the possible adverse effects of positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) on the perioperative management of permanent pacemakers (PPMs) and automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (AICDs)?

Updated: Oct 29, 2018
  • Author: Albert H Tsai, MD; Chief Editor: Sheela Pai Cole, MD  more...
  • Print


Initiation of positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) may distort the intrathoracic anatomy and lead to loss of electrode contact; therefore, verification of CIED function should be performed after PPV is initiated.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!