What are the CDC guidelines for reducing the risk of sexual transmission of Zika virus?

Updated: Dec 11, 2018
  • Author: Bhagyashri D Navalkele, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

In July 2016, the CDC updated its recommendations for the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika virus. The updated recommendations include the following: [24]

  • Pregnant women with sex partners (male or female) who live in or have traveled to an area with active Zika virus transmission should use barriers against infection during sex or abstain from sex for the duration of the pregnancy.
  • Couples in which a partner had confirmed Zika virus infection or clinical illness consistent with Zika virus disease should consider using barrier methods against infection or abstain from sex, as follows:
    • Men with Zika virus infection, for at least 6 months after onset of illness
    • Women with Zika virus infection, for at least 8 weeks after onset of illness
  • Couples in which one partner traveled to or resides in an area with active Zika virus transmission but did not develop symptoms of Zika virus disease should consider using barrier methods against infection or abstaining from sex for at least 8 weeks after that partner returned from the Zika-affected area.
  • Couples who reside in an area with active Zika virus transmission might consider using barrier methods against infection or abstaining from sex while active transmission persists.

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