What are the CDC guidelines for reducing the risk of sexual transmission of Zika virus?

Updated: Jun 30, 2021
  • Author: Bhagyashri D Navalkele, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

The CDC recommends the following for the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika virus [44] :

  • Pregnant women with male sex partners who live in or have traveled to an area with active Zika virus transmission should use barriers against infection during sex or abstain from sex for the duration of the pregnancy. 
  • Couples planning to concieve in which a partner had confirmed Zika virus infection or clinical illness consistent with Zika virus disease or travels to an area with risk for Zika virus transmission should consider using barrier methods against infection or abstain from sex, as follows:
    • Men with Zika virus infection/travel, for at least 3 months after onset of illness (symptomatic) or last possible exposure (asymptomatic or travel)
    • Women with Zika virus infection/travel, for at least 2 months after onset of illness or last possible exposure (asymptomatic or travel)
    • Both partners with Zika virus infection/travel, for at least 3 months after onset of illness in male partner (symptomatic) or last possible exposure (asymptomatic or travel)
  • Couples planning to conceive with one or both partners with ongoing exposure (live or frequently travel to an area with risk for Zika virus transmission) 
    • Discuss with healthcare provider on risks and possible health effects of Zika on baby and protection strategies from Zika virus. 

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