What complications are associated with Zika virus infection?

Updated: Dec 11, 2018
  • Author: Bhagyashri D Navalkele, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Serious complications have been reported in some cases of Zika virus infection, including Guillain-Barré syndrome. [2, 9] In addition, great concern is emerging over congenital malformations due to transplacental transmission of Zika virus, including microcephaly and various ophthalmologic abnormalities. [11, 12]

In March 2016, a 15-year-old patient diagnosed with acute myelitis on the French Caribbean island of Guadeloupe was found to have high levels of Zika virus in her cerebrospinal fluid, urine, and blood, suggesting that Zika virus may be neurotropic. Thus, Zika virus infection should be considered among individuals with acute myelitis who live in or travel from areas endemic for Zika virus. [19]

For more details, see History.

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