Which surgery techniques are most commonly used to treat trigeminal neuralgia (TN)?

Updated: Sep 30, 2019
  • Author: Kim J Burchiel, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Brian H Kopell, MD  more...
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Answer

Three operative strategies now prevail: percutaneous procedures, gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS), and microvascular decompression (MVD). Ninety percent of patients are pain-free immediately or soon after any of the operations, though relief lasts far longer with MVD. Pain-free intervals last on average 1.5–2 years after two of the percutaneous procedures (percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy [PRGR] and percutaneous balloon microcompression [PBM]), 3–4 years after GKRS, 4–5 years after another percutaneous procedure (radiofrequency trigeminal gangliolysis),  and 10–12 years after MVD. [5]


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