Which therapies for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) have been investigated?

Updated: Dec 18, 2018
  • Author: Anita Basu, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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A number of other therapies for CIN have been investigated, including the following:

  • Sodium bicarbonate
  • N-acetylcysteine (NAC)
  • Statins
  • Ascorbic acid [31]
  • The adenosine antagonists theophylline and aminophylline
  • Vasodilators
  • Forced diuresis
  • Renal replacement therapy
  • Prostaglandin E1 [32]

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