What are the procedure-related risk factors for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN)?

Updated: Dec 18, 2018
  • Author: Anita Basu, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Procedure-related risk factors are as follows:

  • Urgent versus elective
  • Arterial versus venous
  • Diagnostic versus therapeutic

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