What is the general prognosis of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH)?

Updated: Aug 16, 2019
  • Author: Christie P Thomas, MBBS, FRCP, FASN, FAHA; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

The prognosis of SIADH correlates with the underlying cause and to the effects of severe hyponatremia and its overzealous correction. Rapid and complete recovery tends to be the rule with drug-induced SIADH when the offending agent is withdrawn. Successful treatment of pulmonary or CNS infection also can lead to correction of SIADH. However, patients who present with neurologic symptoms or have severe hyponatremia even without symptoms may develop permanent neurologic impairment. Patients whose serum Na+ is rapidly corrected, especially those who are asymptomatic, can also develop permanent neurologic impairment from central pontine myelinolysis (CPM).


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