What is the global prevalence of renovascular hypertension (RVHT)?

Updated: Dec 01, 2020
  • Author: Rebecca J Schmidt, DO, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

The prevalence of RVHT internationally is not clear, but it likely accounts for the sole etiology in a relatively small percentage of unselected patients with hypertension. Significant geographic differences in the overall prevalence of RVHT have not been reported, though the etiology does appear to vary geographically.

In the western hemisphere, FMD is the most common cause of pediatric RVHT. Reports from Asia and South Africa identify Takayasu arteritis affecting the renal artery as the most common cause of RVHT in children. [11]  One pediatric study in south Asia found that 87% of the patients presenting with RVHT had arteritis. [12]


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