What is the prevalence of renovascular hypertension (RVHT) in the US?

Updated: Dec 01, 2020
  • Author: Rebecca J Schmidt, DO, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

RVHT is a common type of potentially correctable secondary hypertension. Although it accounts for less than 1% of mild hypertension, the prevalence may be as high as 38% in patients with severe hypertension and general atherosclerotic vascular or peripheral vascular disease. [10]  

The incidence of hypertension in children is reported to be 1-5%, and in adolescents may be as high as 10%. In children, unlike adults, 70-80% of hypertension may be secondary hypertension, which is often correctable. RVHT is second only to coarctation of the aorta as a surgically correctable cause of hypertension in children. [6]


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